Well, I'm pretty sure that in my last post I was complaining about the cutting garden having disappeared under 10 cm of snow. We are now experiencing the hottest April weather in 70 years! Not that I am complaining, its just that I (and my milk-bottle legs)  am not quite ready for mid-summer temperatures when it feels like spring only arrived a couple of weeks ago.

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Forget-me-nots and Drumstick Primulas.

April sees the first of the tulips in flower where they join the primroses, cowslips, grape hyacinths, fritillaries, drumstick primulas, Euphorbia amydaloides, Erysimum 'Bowles' Mauve', pulsatillas and forget-me-nots. It is so satisfying to see the abundance of spring flowers, knowing that this is just the start. The bluebells, wallflowers, thrifts and foxgloves are following not far behind!

Spring flowers
Grape hyacinths, Primroses, Cowslips and Drumstick Primulas.

When choosing tulip varieties ensure that you choose some early flowerers (e.g. Exotic Emporer and Showcase), some mid-flowering types (e.g. Negrita and Paul Scherer) and some late flowering varieties (e.g. Angelique and Doll's Minuet). You can then extend the picking season for as long as possible.

Early-flowering tulips
Early flowering tulips - Exotic Emperor and Showcase

Also this month: I am gradually hardening-off my hardy annual seedlings ready for planting out; I'm sowing batches of half-hardy annuals inside on my sunny windowsills; I am sneakily buying some little primulas, saxifrages and pulsatillas to edge some of the cutting beds; I'm pressing forget-me-nots and primroses in my flower presses for more pressed flower pictures and I'm getting ready to host another 'Grow Your Own Cut Flowers' workshop next week.

 

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Snow On Bird Table
Snow on our bird table

The 1st March signalled the first day of spring (according to the meteorological calendar) but here in Norfolk and most of the UK, it was also the 2nd day of deep snowfall which closed the schools and created havoc on the roads.

The first crocuses, narcissi and Iris reticulata were merrily doing their thing and brightening up the garden but ended up under a cover of 10 cm thick snow for nearly a week.

Just a week beforehand, I had hosted a 'Grow your own cut flowers' workshop and we found lots of lovely greenery and flowers to pick to make the lovely display pictured below.

February flowers
February flowers

The flowers above include trailing rosemary, Daphne odora, Viburnum tinus, Hellebores, and some early flower heads from the perennial wallflower Erysimum 'Bowles' Mauve'. Winter-flowering shrubs have strongly fragranced flowers as they need to attract pollinators and they don't always have large flowers. This is a bonus when cutting as the fragrance of some flowers can scent the whole room.

Once the snow finally cleared it was a relief to see the spring bulbs still in full flower despite their blanket covering of snow. We are now experiencing milder temperatures and, with it, rain (sigh).

Hyacinth
Hyacinths. A taste of spring during the snow

Rainy weather stops any flowers that there are from being cut but I do still have some pots of bulbs in the potting shed that I bring out a few at a time into the house where the higher temperature causes them to come into bloom. I have also started sowing some hardy annuals. The hardest part is deciding what to grow this year from the numerous packets of seed that I seem to collect each year.

Cherry blossom
Cherry blossom

March is a good month for sowing hardy annuals. By the time the seedlings are ready to plant out in about 6-8 weeks time, at the beginning of May, the soil will have warmed up and frost risk will be minimal. Hardy annuals can cope with some low temperatures but I leave the half-hardy annuals like Cosmos and Zinnias until April as I won't want to plant them out until the end of May when all frost-risk has passed. The exception are any that have a long growing phase before flowering such as Antirrhinums which should be sown in March with their fully hardy counterparts so that they will come into flower in June/July with the rest of the hardy annuals.

 

 

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The nights are drawing in and I've started a new crochet project so it must be autumn! Autumn is a lovely season in the cutting garden and really is the last hurrah before winter sets in. The arrival of the first frost will spell the end for a lot of cut flowers (although there is always something to cut - think Hellebores, winter-flowering shrubs and early-flowering bulbs like Snowdrops and Crocus.)

Chrysanthemums and Panicum Grass.
Chrysanthemums and Panicum Grass.

All the more reason to celebrate the wonderful, richly-coloured autumn flowers while they are here. In fact, it is vital to keep picking and dead-heading dahlias and annual flowers if you want them to keep producing flowers all the way through the autumn. Dahlias really are a must-have at this time of year as they flower all summer and autumn long. With their wide-range of flower type and colourways, there is a Dahlia to suit everyone.

Feverfew, Salvia, Stocks and Poppies
Feverfew, Salvia, Stocks and Poppies

Successional sowing

Back in early summer, just as my first hardy annuls were coming into flower, I sowed some quick-growing Icelandic poppies and '10 week' Stocks and have been rewarded by a fresh crop of very summery-looking flowers, as seen in my lovely little pottery jug above.  Successional sowing will make the most of your cutting garden as just as your first crop of annuals is waning, a new crop can take over.

Autumn Flowers

Asters and Sedums are classic autumn flowers which I grow in the garden borders. They are joined by Guaras, Salvias and Verbena bonariensis which all have a long flowering period. If you have limited space in borders, as we do,  it's a good idea to choose plants that have a long season of interest.

Dahlia Merckii with its tiny lilac flowers
Dahlia Merckii with its tiny lilac flowers

In the dedicated cutting beds, the Dahlias are looking stunning and annual Cosmos, Zinnias, Scabious, Helichrysum and Statice are all still producing flowers after a good 3 months of constant flowering. Chrysanthemums are very useful for late flowers and come in some lovely autumnal colours. Some late-flowering varieties will flower into December if you bring them into a greenhouse, potting shed or conservatory before the cold weather sets in. Autumn-flowering cyclamen (Cyclamen hederifolium) provide welcome colour in pots or at the front of borders.

Cosmos & Zinnias in the cutting garden
Cosmos & Zinnias in the cutting garden

Preserving flowers for the winter

Pressing flowers, drying everlasting flowers (such as those in my autumn wreath) and harvesting seed-heads are all brilliant ways of enjoying the beauty of flowers during the winter. Next month, I'll focus on my latest obsession with pressing and preserving cut flowers to make pressed flower pictures, cards and dried flower wreaths available in my Etsy shop.

Autumn wreath
Autumn wreath using dried Helichrysum flowers

 

Pressed flower pictures
Pressed flower pictures

 

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